A total of 164 countries have agreed to adhere to the UN Global Compact on Migration, during a summit on the agreement in Marrakesh on Monday. The United States and other countries, including Italy, have distanced themselves from the agreement in recent months and are not present at the summit. Italy decided to allow its parliament to decide whether or not to adhere to the document.
UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres said the Global Compact is a “road map to prevent suffering and chaos” to benefit everyone. He said over 60,000 migrants have died since 2000 in attempts to leave their home countries, calling that “a source of collective shame.” Guterres said the Global Compact is not legally binding and doesn’t give the UN the ability to impose migratory policies on member states.
He said most migration is not from the South to the “global North,” but among states in the south, and added that it was not true that developed countries don’t need migration.
German Chancellor Angela Merkel was among the world leaders in attendance at the Marrakesh conference on Monday.