Morocco has not improved significantly in the Global Democracy Index of 2018 issued by the Economist Intelligence Unit of the Economist Group of the United Kingdom, ranking second in the Arab world and 100 out of the 167 countries surveyed.
The report is based on 60 indicators based primarily on five main categories: the electoral process, pluralism, government performance, political participation, political culture and civil liberties. The systems of governance are grouped into four types: full democratic systems; flawed democratic systems; With hybrid democracy; and regimes with authoritarian democracy.
The Kingdom obtained a score of 4.99 (from 0 to 10), which it placed in the category of “hybrid systems”; which means that the political system depends on the conduct of elections as a manifestation of democracy, but with the continuation of authoritarian practices.
In the electoral and political pluralism index, Morocco scored 5.25 out of 10 points; in government performance below 4.64 points, 5.00 in political participation, 5.36 in political culture and 4.41 in civil liberties.
“The political and economic elites face a challenge in Morocco linked to the wave of resentment in the country because of the rising cost of living, exacerbated by the campaign,” the report said. Citizens boycott of many consumer products.
The “Democracy Index” referred to the recent steps taken by King Mohammed VI to address the grievances of the Moroccan street by granting him a royal amnesty in August 2018, including more than 180 people arrested in connection with the rural protests.
Although the king criticized the development model, the Economist Intelligence Unit did not expect to address the root causes of the current turmoil (such as political, commercial, and widespread inequality).
As in previous years, North Africa and the Middle East recorded the poorest regions of the world in the performance of the Democracy Index due to “slow movement in some countries that does not change the structure of the index, but rather changes in marginal points.” The report added that “Morocco, Libya and Yemen in 2018 of Among countries that have witnessed a deterioration in the performance of democracy; while Tunisia has improved. “
In the MENA region, the ranking of countries from the British institution was better for the weakest: Tunisia, Morocco, Lebanon, Palestine, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Algeria, Egypt, Qatar, Oman, UAE, Bahrain, Iran, Libya, and Sudan. Yemen, Saudi Arabia and Syria.
In last year’s report, Morocco ranked second in the Arab world and ranked 101th in the world, with a score of 4.87 points on 10 points.