Since the advent of the reign of Mohammed VI, Morocco has achieved a great “leap forward” economic and set up a new trajectory of social policies, which, while registering some success, have some limitations that it must go beyond to permanently settle the Kingdom among emerging countries, writes Monday magazine “Forbes” in its French delivery.
“Since entering the new century, which coincided with the arrival on the throne of a young monarch of thirty-six years, Mohammed VI, Morocco has made a great economic leap characterized by a policy focused on investments in infrastructure and the reform of its productive fabric. This allowed the country to build a logistical, energy and transportation network unheard of in Africa, with thousands of kilometers of motorways, several international airports, the largest port in Africa, as well as the continent’s first high-speed train. In parallel, a new trajectory of social policies has been set up, registering a certain number of successes, but still showing some limits that it is necessary to go beyond to definitively settle the Sherifian Kingdom among the emerging countries”, underlines the magazine which publishes An analysis by Najib Benamour, Economist, former Managing Director of the Moroccan Clearing Fund.
In this analysis, the Moroccan economist returns in detail on the socio-economic reforms initiated in the last twenty years in Morocco, as well as on social policies to combat precariousness and social exclusion in all their forms, particularly the gradual reform of the Compensation Fund, “this poorly targeted social net that has become too heavy to support financially for the Moroccan state”, the establishment of basic medical coverage (AMO and RAMED), and the national initiative for human development (INDH) initiated by the Sovereign to correct the distortions induced by the rapid growth registered by Morocco.
Najib Benamour also analyzes the multitude of investments made by the State, particularly in social housing, in the field of the generalization of electrification and the supply of drinking water with a national coverage of 97% and 75% respectively, major infrastructural works and rural opening up, the improvement of the status of women and its insertion into the national productive fabric through the 2004 reform of the Personal Status Code (Moudouwana). It also notes the reform of the Constitution in 2011, which enshrined the principles of equality and parity.
“All of these direct and indirect actions, combined with sustained economic growth, have enabled the last two decades to eradicate absolute poverty and reduce the relative poverty rate from around 16% to 4.8% as they have allowed to reduce the unemployment rate from 15% to 9.8%,” says the Moroccan economist. However, “while the achievements are many and positive for many of them, there is still a long way to eradicate poverty, vulnerability, reduce the gap between rich and poor and generally to ensure the conditions for decent life for the majority of citizens,” he added.
According to the Moroccan economist, “it is hardly conceivable that with an annual budget contribution representing about 48% of the state budget allocated directly and indirectly to the social sectors, Morocco continues to post delays in areas as vital as education and training, employment, health, social housing, the role of women”, adding that “in the opinion of many experts, the considerable efforts that have been made have not produced fully the expected effects are because these programs, which exceed one hundred, are both fragmented and lacking in convergence”.
As a result, and in order to address the challenges inherent in the upscaling of social policies in Morocco, the Moroccan economist deems it essential to replace territorial targeting with individual targeting in order to effectively identify the different layers of society. needy population. In parallel, it is crucial to set up a database as comprehensive as possible, he believes.
Finally, and “to avoid the disempowerment of actors and the atomization of budgets, it would be necessary for all social interventions to devolve to one or two organizations to avoid redundancies, losses and allow the synergies required to achieve the desired effects,” advocates Najib Benamour.
From his point of view, “the establishment of the new unified social register will be one of the most appropriate responses to overcome this lack of efficiency in order to fight against social inequalities”. “The establishment of a unique identifier -vired by the sovereign- should thus be used to create a register of households providing information on various aspects to define in a scientific way the population classes to benefit from aid including monetary unconditioned . This system would benefit from being managed by a single organization gradually replacing the current aid which is expensive, not properly targeted and therefore unproductive”.
Ultimately, the goal of the new generation of social policies adopted by Morocco over the last twenty years is not only to correct social distortions, but also to free initiatives and federate energies. “If the double requirement of convergence and efficiency is met, it can contribute to the establishment of a solidarity democracy in sustainable development,” concludes the Moroccan economist.