The Institute for the Economy and Peace’s Global Peace Index 2021 ranks Morocco 79th in the world and first in the Maghreb. The kingdom gains 9 places, in a MENA region which remains the least peaceful in the world.
The Institute for Economics and Peace (IEP) published the fifteenth edition of the Global Peace Index (GPI 2021), which ranks 163 independent states and territories according to their level of peace. The report, drawn up by this Sydney-based think tank, covers 99.7% of the world’s population. It is based on around twenty qualitative and quantitative indicators and measures the state of peace through three themes: the level of security and safety of society, the extent of ongoing national and international conflicts, and the degree of militarization.
Morocco ranks 79th with a score of 2015, behind Cambodia and ahead of Angola, while it was ranked 83rd in the 2020 GPI edition. Morocco thus gained 9 places, according to the report, although its score fell by -0.038.
The Kingdom scores 1.865, the same as last year, for the extent of ongoing national and international conflicts, compared to 2.261 for the safety and security of society and 1.798 for the degree of militarization. According to GPI 2020, the direct and indirect economic cost of violence also represents 6% of Moroccan GDP, the same cost as last year.
MENA still designated “least peaceful region in the world”
In the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region, the kingdom is ranked sixth. The regional ranking is dominated by Qatar (29th globally), followed by Kuwait (36th) and the United Arab Emirates (52nd), Jordan (63rd) and Oman (73rd). As a result, Morocco comes first in the Maghreb, ahead of Tunisia (98th), Mauritania (118th), Algeria (120th) and Libya (156th).
The report notes that MENA remains “the least peaceful region in the world for the sixth consecutive year, despite registering the greatest improvement in peace of any region.” Noting that four of the five least peaceful countries in the region have recorded an improvement and highlights the improvements in the overall score in 15 of his 20 countries. However, “five countries in the region have recorded a deterioration of the peace”, in the context of ongoing conflicts, it is said.
In Africa, Morocco ranks 15th, behind Mauritius (28th globally), Ghana (38th), Botswana (41st), Sierra Leone (46th), Gambia (53rd), Senegal (54th), Tanzania (58th), Malawi (59th), Equatorial Guinea (62nd), Namibia (65th), Eswatini (69th), Madagascar (70th), Zambia (71st) and Liberia (76th).
Overall, the 2021 GPI is dominated by Iceland (1st) and New Zealand, followed by Denmark, Portugal and Slovenia. The last five places, however, are occupied by the same countries, namely Iraq (159th), South Sudan, Syria, Yemen and Afghanistan.