The organization Greenpeace recently published a short documentary-type film on the challenges facing Moroccan oases due to the consequences of climate change.
The documentary is one of the Greenpeace campaigns to shed light on the impact of climate change in the Mena region. This short film is accompanied by a petition entitled “Protect Moroccan oases”, calling for the protection of these endangered riches.
According to the report “The impact of climate change on Arab countries, by Dr. Mohamed Madani”, the frequency of droughts has increased in the last twenty to forty years in Tunisia, Morocco, Syria and Algeria, passing to Morocco from once every five years to once every two years.
“With our dependence on fossil fuels as the main and only source of electricity, the earth, and therefore the oases, have seen their temperature rise, and we are therefore witnessing fundamental changes in their ecosystem,” said Julien Jreissati, campaign manager for Greenpeace Middle East and North Africa.
He continued: “What Moroccan oases witness is an example of the impact of climate change around the world, the complete disappearance of civilizations and peoples and the loss of the natural environment.”
The oases allow life in the desert. However, they are threatened with extinction due to the considerable impact of high temperatures on their water resources. As a result, agricultural and livestock activities have decreased, causing the displacement of its indigenous populations.
According to Aziz Akhannouch, Minister of Agriculture, Marine Fisheries, Rural Development and Water and Forests, “nearly two-thirds of Morocco’s oasis habitats have disappeared over the past century, and this process has accelerated in in recent decades, due to the dramatic rise in temperatures.”
Communities living in drylands and oases in developing countries are among the most threatened by the impacts of climate change and the consequences of the growing human impact on the environment.
The phenomenon of disappearance of oases affects Morocco and the rest of the Maghreb, that is to say the countries of the North Africa region including the arid desert states: Morocco, Tunisia, Libya and Algeria.
Recall that Greenpeace is an international non-governmental environmental protection organization present in more than 55 countries around the world. The organization aims to combat the greatest threats to the environment and biodiversity on the planet.