The situation of the Moroccan labor market in 2018 shows that nearly 6 out of 10 employees (59.4%) do not have a contract that formalizes their relationship with the employer, according to the High Commissioner for Planning (HCP).
Only 7.1% of employees have a verbal contract, 8% of a fixed-term contract and 24% of an indefinite contract, says the HCP in a note on the main characteristics of the active population in employment for 2018.
The percentage of employees without a contract is 79.7% in rural areas compared to 52.1% in urban areas and 48.8% among women and 62.1% among men. Young people and non-graduates remain the categories most affected by the precariousness of employment, the rate of contracting of young people under 25 is 21.2%.
This rate increases with age to reach 45.7% among those aged 45 and over. As for non-graduates, they have a low contractual rate (20.8%) compared to graduates and above all higher-level graduates for whom this proportion reaches 77.2%. The majority of employed persons (95.7%) are not affiliated with any trade union or professional organization (92.9% in urban areas and 99.2% in rural areas, 95.7% among men and 95.9% in the women). Of all employees, 92.8% are not affiliated to any trade union or professional organization (91% in urban areas and 98.2% in rural areas).