The total population of the Maghreb countries would increase from 99.8 million in 2018 to 131.9 million in 2050, according to a study published in the 52nd issue of “Les Cahiers du Plan”.
“Because, on the one hand, of the demographic momentum of the Maghreb countries due to their high birth rate in the past and, on the other hand, of a present fertility and for some years still above the threshold of replacement of generations, the total population of the Maghreb countries will increase from 99.8 million in 2018 to 131.9 million in 2050, or 32.1 million more inhabitants in the space of thirty-two years,” the report said in a study entitled “Maghrebian demography: situation and perspective”.
This future development of the Maghreb population would have impacts whose effects would be felt mainly in the areas of employment, the protection of the elderly, urbanism, water, health and the effects of climate change and human activity (industrial risks, pollution, global warming and climate change …), stresses the same source, stating that the demographic weight of the Maghreb in the world would increase from 1.31% in 2018 to almost 1.35% in 2050.
Compared to the African population, its weight would continue to decrease from 7.8% in 2018 to 5.2% by 2050, says the author of this research article, noting that “if the Maghreb population is experiencing a steady increase, its rate of demographic growth would tend to decrease”.
The annual growth rate, which was 1.8% between 1980 and 2018, would be 1% between 2018 and 2050, he adds, noting that this demographic dynamics is different in the Maghreb countries.
Indeed, the populations of Mauritania and Algeria would remain more dynamic with growth rates estimated respectively at 2.1% and 1%, between 2018 and 2050, while Tunisia, Morocco and Libya would show rates less than 1% (ie 0.5%, 0.7% and 0.7% respectively), explains the author of the article.
Nevertheless, Morocco and Algeria would continue to house 77.2% of the population of the Maghreb in 2050, he notes.