According to a study of the flow control of the International Organization for Migration (IOM), Algeria and Morocco are the countries that record the most cases of abuse and exploitation of sub-Saharan migrants.
Following a survey carried out by IOM of 1,341 migrants and refugees in Spain in 2018, 46% of cases are registered in Morocco and 39% in Algeria, highlighting that these transit countries register the most cases of exploitation and abuse of illegal migrants.
The IOM report states that “almost half (48%) of respondents reported at least one direct experience with trafficking, exploitation or abuse during their route from 39 different countries and along the western Mediterranean”.
This sub-Saharan migrants claimed to be “victims of kidnapping, arranged marriages, forced or underpaid labor, physical or sexual violence, blood and organ trafficking”.
With 53% of cases of forced confinement, Algeria occupies the first position, followed by Morocco with 27% of cases, where 13% of migrants surveyed said they were detained in a place against their will during their trip, by armed individuals or groups other than government authorities.
On the other hand, 56% of migrants declared that they were forced to work without pay, during their trip, registered mainly in Algeria. The survey also indicates that the borders and deserts located between Morocco, Algeria and Niger are the regions most often mentioned by migrants as dangerous areas.
The International Organization for Migration said the Niger-Algeria-Morocco route has become the most traveled route to reach Europe, where 63,325 migrants were recorded in Spain in 2018.