Morocco leads Arab countries with capacity to generate electricity from renewable energy systems, followed by Egypt and Jordan, reveals economic study by King Abdullah Petroleum Studies and Research Center (KAPSARC), a non-profit institution for independent research on the global energy economy.
According to this study, the renewable energy sector represents 1% of total employment in Morocco, Egypt and Jordan, noting that the International Energy Agency (IEA) has indicated that these three countries will be able to provide 60,000 local jobs in the renewable energy sector by 2025, as the renewable energy markets are still growing.
The study found that increasing the labor force requires competitive, interactive and motivating markets to attract local skills, noting that this is an opportunity for governments to reduce the unemployment rate.
Photovoltaic solar energy is the technology capable of employing the largest number of workers, since it leads the rate of job creation in these countries, followed by wind energy and concentrated solar energy.
The International Energy Agency estimates that renewable energy will be able to employ more than 40 million people by 2050 and that the number of jobs created by the energy sector will reach 100 million by 2050.
The study identified three policies that countries should follow to endow the renewable energy job markets, namely developing skills, setting targets for training needs and identifying local requirements that help secure jobs for citizens.