Morocco is one of the most developed countries on the African continent, both economically and socially. But the achievements of the kingdom on this last level are far from sufficient, as evidenced by its decline in the world ranking of social development for the year 2019.
Unsurprisingly, the top 5 is dominated by Norway (1st), Denmark (2nd), Switzerland (3rd), Finland (4th) and Sweden (5th).
The kingdom, meanwhile, went from the 76th position in 2018 of the Social Progress Imperative Index (SPI) ranking to the 82nd in 2019, out of a total of 149 countries. In the North Africa region, Morocco remains ahead of Tunisia (51st) and Algeria (79th), but still exceeds Egypt (96th). For Libya, the ranking indicates a lack of data.
The ranking, which is based on an analysis of 3 factors, including basic human needs, the foundations of well-being and opportunities, indicates that the kingdom is positioned in a “normal” level for achievements on these levels. Thus, Morocco ranks 66th for basic human needs, 90th for the foundations of well-being and 92nd for opportunities.
It’s good to live in Morocco, but …
Morocco has good basic needs scores, as it remains at a “normal” level for nutrition and basic medical coverage (88th), “normal” for access to health care, water and sanitary (94th), “more than satisfactory” for housing (45th), and “satisfactory” for security (47th), the fact remains that the kingdom still has some way to go for is two other indicators.
Indeed, as far as the foundations of well-being are concerned, the kingdom’s performance is not “special”, since access to knowledge (101st), access to information (65th), and Health and well-being (90th) are positioned at a “normal” level, while the quality of the environment (94th) pushes to sound the alarm and level “insufficient”.
Regarding the opportunity indicator, which takes into account individual freedoms and socio-economic disparities, Morocco should make greater efforts at the level of individual rights (104th) and social inclusion (110th). Indeed, the ranking data indicate that Morocco is at a “more than inadequate” level for these two areas, particularly with regard to political inclusion, religious freedom, the integration of minorities, but also the equality of political opportunities between the different socio-economic classes. However, the kingdom has a “normal” score for individual freedoms and access to higher education.
… we are still struggling to reduce disparities
The question of the fight against socio-economic disparities has never been put aside for the various governments that the kingdom has known. Today, the debate is increasingly focused on means and initiatives to fight against social inequalities, especially that Morocco has a “anomaly” quite significant in terms of growth.
Indeed, if the kingdom is establishing itself as an economic reference on the African continent, thanks to its economic potential, its natural, technological and human resources, the fact remains that growth is only not at the same level. The problem today is that big cities are changing at a fast pace, while the rural world is not necessarily following the trend.
Morocco has significant growth potential, but should stop neglecting the rural world. “The Kingdom should build more universities and hospitals in the recluse areas of the kingdom, and not just let their contribution revolve around agriculture”, Morocco should no longer limit its economic value to the agricultural sector only, but to actually explore and invest in other sectors of activity.
That said, it is a bit “difficult” to achieve this goal, especially since we can not conceive of a development model through which we would be able to bring small towns, as well as the rural world, to the same level than that of megacities such as Casablanca, Rabat or Tangier.
Morocco should realize its socio-economic potential
The kingdom should also review its economic strategy, especially that we should understand that, if we are one of the most advanced countries on the automotive industry, we are currently a source of labor in the first place. Morocco is a producer of vehicles and various automotive components, but its role is limited to production. The design and positions of responsibility of the sector are often occupied by foreign profiles, which places us in a position so to speak “inferior”.
Morocco has many talents that have nothing to envy to foreigners, but the problem that persists lies in the “lack” of interesting and adequate opportunities. Recruitment consultant, today, many Moroccan profiles choose to pursue their studies and careers abroad, because the local market does not necessarily meet their expectations. They arrive at interesting positions in their host countries, and they are sometimes called upon for projects in the kingdom.
The challenge would be to set up and adopt a model that would include the different socio-economic classes, and establish a sustained growth plan on the various levels, as well as by valuing its human resources.