Morocco has been classified as “the most unequal country in northern Africa,” according to the latest report from the NGO Oxfam on global inequality traditionally published the day before the Davos Economic Forum in Switzerland.
In 2019, the kingdom was ranked 143rd out of 153 countries compared to the world index of gender disparity according to the conclusions of the report published one day before the opening of the 50th World Economic Forum (WEF) 2020. According to Oxfam , Morocco is the most unequal country of the countries of North Africa and is in the most unequal half of the countries of the planet.
Still according to the same source, in 2018, “the three richest Moroccan billionaires alone owned $ 4.5 billion, while at the opposite extreme, 1.6 million people” out of 35 million inhabitants were in “poverty”.
King Mohammed VI charged a special commission at the end of November 2019 to review the development model and thus reduce social disparities in the country. Among the members of the said commission are Moroccan experts in different sectors, they are expected to deliver their conclusions on key issues in a report scheduled for late June. The subjects of education, unemployment, and health appear at the top of the ranking of concerns of Moroccans.
In 2019, the morale of Moroccan households regarding their standard of living deteriorated compared to the previous year according to the last survey of the High Commission for Planning (HCP). “In the fourth quarter of 2019, 43% of households declare a deterioration in the standard of living in the last twelve months”, quotes the economic note affirming that the Moroccans have a “negative feeling” with regard to the cost of living, unemployment and savings. This negative feeling is also noted “at the level of the evolution, between 2018 and 2019, of the situation of human rights, environmental protection and the quality of social services”.
For the NGO Oxfam, “the gap between rich and poor cannot be resolved without deliberate policies to tackle inequality. Do governments need to make sure businesses and the wealthy pay their fair share of taxes?” according to a statement by Amitabh Behar, head of Oxfam in India, who represents the NGO this year at the Davos Forum.
Women remain “the front line” of inequality noted by Oxfam which adds that the 2 153 billionaires of the world hold more money than 60% of the world population.