The development of the field of information processing in general and the field of telecommunications in particular, is associated with the name of the engineer, electrician and mathematician of the 20th century, Claude Shannon, considered as the founder of the theory of information . He was the first to set the formal framework for the development of information.
His theory, mathematical, uses probability to measure the amount of information conveyed in a given transmission medium. In this context, it is important to recall the famous article by Claude Shannon, published in the newspaper: Bell System technical, in 1948, which proposes a mathematical theory of communication.
Although we have learned a lot since the first work of Shannon in 1948, its theoretical concepts are still relevant and constitute the core of the development of different generations of telecommunications and since the first generation (1G) analog telecom in the 80s.
Since then and every decade, for more than 40 years, a new generation has emerged and the telecom sector is in full swing. While 4G technology is not yet widespread around the world, and 5G is still in testing, the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) has already planned the arrival of this generation in 2020. Although the majority of countries, 5G technology is far from being a reality on a daily basis, research on the sixth generation (6G), in some countries of the world, has already begun, according to an official of the research group of the Ministry of the industry and specialized information on wireless technology IMT-2020.
Within ITU, a working group will study the future network architecture, technical specifications and network capabilities beyond 2030 to identify emerging and future demands of industrial networks. It is important to underline that the contribution, major of the 6G, in addition to the flows 10 times faster than the 5G: 1 Terabyte per second (1To/s), resides at the level of the services which will be extended underground, under the sea and at higher altitudes and by developing the human-machine and machine-machine interaction.
The commercialization of 6G, according to a Chinese specialist on IMT-2020, will be in 2030, a decade after the start of 5G in 2020.
This spectacular evolution of the digital domain in recent years should be an opportunity for our government to develop a critical mass of industrial experts and university researchers around a project likely, in the medium term, to influence the standardization of technologies and future technologies. With the dynamics of the various players in the ICT field combined with the will and determination of our decision makers to ensure the integration of the Kingdom into the knowledge economy, I believe that the projections for the coming years will be optimistic.