Last Tuesday, the Security Council decided to extend the mandate of MINURSO for six months, as proposed by the American resolution. Thirteen of the fifteen member states voted in favor, while China and Russia abstained.
The Security Council report emphasized the need for a political solution to a conflict that has been going on for more than four decades, but it has brought nothing new and tangible about it. Despite another call for continued support for Horst Kohler so that a fair, equitable and lasting political solution is adopted.
In this context, Moussaoui Ajlaoui ensures that the report of the UN body constitutes a turning point in the Moroccan Sahara case since “for the first time, and unequivocally, it highlights the need for a political solution based on a compromise between the stakeholders in this dossier”.
In a statement, the political scientist and researcher at the Institute of African Studies at Mohammed V-Agdal University also pointed out that the UN report mentioned Algeria as a stakeholder in the conflict and no longer as a “Observer country”, as it had often been peddled before. Thus, Morocco, Algeria, Mauritania and the Polisario Front have been invited to cooperate with each other in order to reach a final solution to this issue.
As Moussaoui Ajlaoui believes that the six-month extension of MINURSO’s mandate is putting pressure on Horst Köhler, rather than on conflict stakeholders, as the region is undergoing certain changes, as in Algeria and Libya.
It should be pointed out that the separatists have not expressed any official position after the adoption of the Security Council report, which means, for several observers, that the Polisario leaders are in doubt and in disarray.