The Mediterranean is warming 20% faster than the rest of the globe. This is the alarming finding communicated by the Mediterranean network of experts on climate and environmental change (MedECC).
In its latest report, the MedECC, actually states that the Mediterranean basin is particularly affected by global warming with an increase in temperatures 20% above the global average.
“The Mediterranean region, home to 500 million people, is one of the most hot spots for climate and environmental change. It has warmed by about 1.5 °C since pre-industrial times, 20% faster than the world average,” said this scientific study, whose results were unveiled at the 4th Regional Forum of the Union for the Mediterranean (UfM) in Barcelona.
Regional temperature is expected to increase by 2.2 °C by 2040, and possibly even exceed 3.8 °C in some sub-regions by 2100, in the event that additional mitigation measures have not been taken warned the report, noting that rising temperatures mean more and longer heat waves.
For most major cities in the MENA region, the coldest summer month of the year will be warmer than the hottest month at present, resulting in long periods of extreme heat, believing that extreme droughts will become more frequent throughout the Mediterranean basin, with significant impacts on many systems.
Regarding sea level rise, although estimated so far at lower levels, it could exceed 1 meter by 2100, affecting one third of the population in the coastal areas of the region and would jeopardize the livelihoods of at least 37 million people in North Africa, scientists in the region said.
For example, Mediterranean cities will account for half of the world’s 20 cities with the highest annual damage from sea level rise by 2050.