Recent statements made by John Bolton, the national security adviser to the US president on the Sahara conflict, have drawn wide attention from the international and national press, especially in the context of the new US plan, which aims to divert funding from UN missions in Africa, including “MINURSO”, The body responsible for monitoring the cease-fire between Morocco and the Polisario, which observers considered a threat to the security and stability of the region.
Trump and “MINURSO”
The US administration contributes about 30 percent of total financial support to peacekeeping missions, but President Donald Trump’s promises to his people to keep taxpayers’ money in the country prompted him to review a number of international resolutions, including that the United States will not contribute more From 25 per cent.
A document issued by the representative of the United States of America to the United Nations General Assembly in the management and reform of the United Nations Organization states that “Washington firmly believes that no Member State of the Organization should pay more than a quarter of the budget of the United Nations.”
The lack of agreement on a 25 per cent ceiling would prompt the United Nations to face a three per cent deficit in mission finance, as the United States would not pay more than 25 per cent of peacekeeping expenditures.
The new American directions are part of a plan aimed at the African continent, which Washington expects to launch in the coming days. It is the development of economic relations with the countries of the continent, combating the threats of radical Islam and terrorism and ensuring that US taxpayer funds are spent well in peacekeeping missions. But the fears expressed by a number of analysts and politicians centered on the implications of the new Trump policy on the Sahara conflict.
Washington and the Sahara conflict
The position of national security adviser does not deserve all this noise. The distinction must be made between Trump’s position on the contribution of his country to peacekeeping missions, and the US position on the Sahara conflict.
“The US administration under President Trump presented the Moroccan Sahara file unless it was presented by a number of former presidents”. The Security Council resolution on the Sahara conflict has never been better than the last resolution 2440.
The first draft, prepared by the United States of America, had a clear and direct condemnation of the separatist Polisario Front, but Russia intervened and was modified version. However, the recent UN resolution considers, for the first time, that the Sahara conflict is a regional conflict and affirms Algeria’s responsibility as a direct and not observer, as it was in the past.
The US administration directed the Polisario slap strong by alerting the international decision not to move or prejudice the situation east of the separation wall, a sign that the Polisario does not have a state as it claims.
As for the moves of the National Security Adviser and its relationship with MINURSO, Bolton failed when he was the representative of the United States of America in the Security Council between 2005 and 2006 in pushing the scheme of James Baker II rejected by Morocco. In addition, the project to expand the mandate of the UN mission set up by John Kerry, the former US Secretary of State, was stopped by the Pentagon, that is, America is keen on its historical relationship with Morocco.
“The United States of America reads the Sahara conflict from the question of stability and security in the region and the fight against cross-border terrorism”, this position is the same as that adopted by UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres. “This is reflected in the agenda of the Geneva table, Highlighted by the connection of MINURSO to the issue of stability in the Sahelo-Saharan region.”
The debate over the MINURSO mission does not mean Morocco as much as the US relationship with the United Nations. “Washington knows very well that the destabilization of Morocco is a direct threat to the western region of the Mediterranean basin.”
The need for the military
“Morocco does not need all the members of MINURSO, who are in the eyes, as much as the need of the military and the few of them does not exceed 200 people; which means that the reduction of the size of the mission because of the decline of support will not affect the normal course of security and stability of the region”, the satellite launched by Morocco can monitor all movements of separatists without the presence of international organization.
Contrary to what is sometimes promoted in the press, the US administration is biased towards Morocco in the Sahara issue, noting that “Washington has never formally accepted the Polisario Front or recognized it as a state despite the pressure lobbies and money spent by Algeria to influence Congress.”