The Security Council will begin this month a series of marathon consultations on the Moroccan Sahara based on the report that the Secretary General of the UN, Antonio Guterres, submitted to the Council and in which he discussed the latest developments of the situation and presented some remarks and recommendations.
In the preliminary copy of this document, he informed the members of the Council of the continuation by Morocco of its investments in the Sahara, stressing that the local populations benefit directly from this manna and that they are regularly consulted for its implementation.
In his report, he also highlighted the calm and stability that prevails while confirming that the Polisario continues to violate both the military agreements, the resolutions of the Security Council, the freedom of movement of MINURSO military observers.
He thus pinned the Polisario, particularly for its buildings east of the defense, considered violations of the Military Agreement No. 1 and Resolutions 2414 and 2440 of the Security Council.
These resolutions, adopted respectively in April and October 2018, had ordered the separatists to leave the Guergerat buffer zone immediately and not to build or transfer any building or structure to the east of the defense system in the Moroccan Sahara.
In addition, the Secretary-General informed for the first time the members of the Security Council that the satellite images provided to the United Nations by Morocco have enabled MINURSO to identify and confirm new violations, including various buildings east of the defense, in flagrant violation of Resolutions 2414 and 2440.
He also warned Polisario against the major risk of tensions in the region, provoked by his military exercises and recalled that the separatists continue to impede the freedom of movement of MINURSO military observers, whose patrols at East of the defense system are already limited by insecurity.
In this connection, it should be recalled that Morocco, in a letter addressed to the Secretary-General and the Security Council, strongly condemned and condemned both these exercises and the construction of buildings by the Polisario, which constitute serious violations of the Convention. cease-fire and Resolutions of the Security Council, further threatening the stability of the region.
In the same document, Antonio Guterres summoned the Polisario to meet MINURSO members in Rabouni, Algeria, and not to the east of the Sahara defense apparatus and noted that the meetings between the separatists and the UN mission did not have not resumed in Rabouni, Algeria, in accordance with the practice established since the establishment of MINURSO, as his previous request in this direction has still not been respected by the separatists.
By adopting this clear, firm and unambiguous position, he defeated the Polisario’s fallacious allegations about his alleged control of the Moroccan defense system in the East.
This indictment of the Secretary-General against the Polisario confirms, on the one hand, the non-recognition by the United Nations of the deception of the “liberated territories” that the Polisario tries in vain to maintain, and on the other the obstinacy of the separatists to violate the existing Agreements and Resolutions of the Security Council, to continue to obstruct the activities of MINURSO and ultimately to threaten regional stability.
Regarding the two round tables held recently in Geneva in the presence of the parties concerned, namely Morocco, Algeria, Polisario and Mauritania, Antonio Guterres highlighted the in-depth discussions that took place during the 1st and 2nd Geneva round table on ways to achieve a compromise-based political, realistic, pragmatic and durable solution in accordance with Security Council Resolution 2440.
In this context, he underlined the positive spirit and the constructive atmosphere and respect that marked these round tables, calling on all parties to continue to seek compromise.
Algeria was thus ultimately called upon to engage fully and throughout the process, in accordance with its political, historical and legal responsibility in the dispute and Security Council resolutions, including Resolution 2440 of October 2018.
It should also be noted that the report of the Secretary-General, which contains no reference to obsolete, inapplicable and unrealistic plans, permanently buried by the United Nations, thus embodies the process of finding a realistic, pragmatic and durable political solution based on compromise. as the only way to resolve the issue; terms that clearly identify with the Moroccan Initiative for Autonomy which the Security Council has recognized as pre-eminence, seriousness and credibility in all its resolutions since 2007.