The United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) Productive Capacity Index (PCI) is a dynamic and practical tool intended to help developing countries understand the state of their productive capacity and how to improve it.
It relies on productive capacities, which are essential to generate inclusive and sustained economic growth and achieve sustainable development. “Productive capacities are the productive resources, entrepreneurial capacities and production linkages that together determine a country’s ability to produce goods and services that will help it grow and develop.” The PCI covers 193 economies for the period 2000-2018, making it multidimensional in its analytical capacities.
The PCI can help diagnose areas where countries may be ahead or behind, highlighting areas where policies are working and where corrective efforts are needed. It proposes a roadmap for future actions regarding human capital, natural capital, ICT, structural change, transport, institutions and the private sector, according to the scores obtained. Globally, the United States holds the top with a score of more than 50.5 on a scale of 100 and leads the Netherlands and Iceland respectively with 48.22/100 and 47.96/100. At the African level, Morocco and Tunisia are in the top 10 continental.
Mauritius is the top ten African countries in the continent and is ranked 46th globally. Of the three criteria, Mauritius will have benefited from its private sector at 87.48/100, from its public institutions at 73.73/100 and from its human capital at 51.06/100. It is followed by Seychelles (35.68/100) second African country and 54th in the world, South Africa (34.04) 73rd worldwide, Tunisia (33.24/100) 84th in the world, Cape Verde 108th 31.11/100, Botswana 116th worldwide 30.59/100 and Morocco 117th worldwide 30.51/100. Namibia, Egypt and Lesotho bring up the rear with 29.4/100 (123rd), 29.39/100 (125th) and 29.15/100 (128th) respectively.
Morocco owes its performance as the seventh African to its private sector 86.05/100, its natural resources 57.94/100, its human capital 51.13/100 and its institutions 49.4/100. In terms of other criteria, it is better to do poor performance (ICT, 10.74/100, Transport 10.20/100, structural change 19.35/100 and Energy 28.06/100), will have handicapped because he can in view of these promising capacities aspire to a better ranking.