Morocco, still in the category of countries with “average human development”, is placed this year at the 121st position while it was 123rd last year on the human development index released Monday by the Program United Nations Development Program (UNDP).
The 2019 Human Development Index of the United Nations Development Program ranked Morocco 121st out of the 189 most developed countries. Although two places above its previous ranking, the new ranking places Morocco two places below Palestine.
With a score of 0.676, Morocco has “average human development”. Elsewhere in the Maghreb, UNDP considers that Algeria (82nd worldwide) and Tunisia have a “high human development”, as well as six other African countries ranked above Morocco. Seychelles, Mauritius, Botswana, South Africa, Gabon and Egypt are also ranked high.
The Human Development Index measures the ability “to live a long and healthy life, to acquire knowledge and to earn an income for a basic standard of living”. Indeed, Morocco has seen a gradual improvement in its score since the beginning of the index in 1990. In 1990, the Kingdom had a score of 0.458 in 2000 and in 2010 a score of 0.618.
While only 1% of the Moroccan population lives below the internationally recognized poverty line of less than $ 1.90 a day, almost 5% live below the country’s national poverty line. Beyond monetary poverty, the index estimates that 19% of Moroccans live in “multidimensional poverty”.
Although Morocco has a score of 0.676 for the Human Development Index (HDI), the Kingdom’s Gender Development Index (GDI) score, which measures gender inequalities along three axes (health, education, control of economic resources), reaches 0.833. “Morocco’s HDI 2018 is 0.603 for women and 0.724 for men, which gives a GDI of 0.833 and places the country in Group 5”, says the document, which recalls by comparing the figures that are displayed the Kingdom to those as Tunisia and Libya that record an HDI of 0.899 and 0.931.