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Automotive: The main driver of industrial employment

Global trades continue to boost employment in the industry. New ecosystems and at least fifty openings and extensions of plants are announced. “The 2020 targets will be achieved this year, one year ahead of the deadline set by the Industrial Acceleration Plan,” says Moulay Hafid Elalamy, Minister of Industry, Investment, Trade and Digital economy.

The objective of the 500,000 targeted jobs between 2014 and 2020 could be exceeded, knowing that the achievements at the end of 2018 amounted to 405,496 posts, or 81%. These projections are subject to challenges including public bodies and spheres. At the heart of the controversy, the calculation methodology.

At least 50 factories should start their activities this year mainly in the automobile industry: 26 sites in Tangier and 22 others in Kenitra. These are equipment manufacturers who set up or increase their production capacity to meet the demand of Renault and PSA groups and orders from other manufacturers (Ford, Wolkswagen …).

Aeronautics is not left out. More than a dozen factories will soon open at Midparc, in Nouaceur. These new entrants are in addition to the 140 existing companies that are suppliers to Bombardier, Airbus and Boeing. The hare effect of the very first ones was maximum.

Still, the sustainability of development will inevitably go through a strong industrialization and transformation of natural resources. The government is also focusing on the development of two new ecosystems, namely artificial intelligence and electronics.

Added to this are the “old” industries that are recovering from the hair of the beast, including agri-food and textiles. An agropolis will be created in Settat and an industrial zone dedicated to leather has been launched at Ahl Laghlam. The revitalization of three Casablanca economic activity zones is under study by the Council of the Casablanca-Settat region: Sidi Bernoussi (600 ha), Sidi Moumen (126 ha plus 67 ha of Ahl Laghlam) and around.

As a result, the arrival of new investors and the emergence of new professions are creating a growing demand for qualified specialized resources. They require a match between supply and demand in the labor market. “The industrial sector as a lever for job creation and professional integration of young people is today strongly supported by the in-depth reform of vocational training,” says the Minister of Industry.

A reform, applauded by the operators, which restructures the training offer by giving the 12 regions of cities trades and skills. A regional division has been chosen. Only 8 regions will house centers dedicated to the industry besides those of Beni-Mellal-Khenifra, Guelmim-Oued Noun, Laayoune-Sakia Al Hamra and Dakhla-Oued Eddahab. The business and skills divisions of Tangier-Tetouan-Al Hoceima and Souss-Massa will include a naval industry component.

As for the clean industry, it will be deployed at Rabat-Kenitra-Salé and Drâa-Tafilalet. The modernization of pedagogical methods and the adoption of new quality standards will also be taken into consideration.

This system encompasses the generalization of the competency-based approach, the integration of soft skills and entrepreneurship, the strengthening of training in the workplace (sandwich courses and apprenticeships) as well as foreign languages. For his part, Hanan Hanzaz, representative of the UNIDO in Morocco, stressed the importance of setting up remuneration for trainees and the involvement of the private sector to guarantee the success of vocational training.

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