In 2019, Morocco gained 4 places globally in the democracy index. In the MENA region, he keeps 3rd position, which he occupied in the previous edition of this ranking.
“Democracy Index 2019: A year of democratic setbacks and popular protest” is published by “The Economist intelligence unit (EIU)”, a service that helps business leaders understand the economic and business environment of markets around the world.
In this 12th edition, Morocco went to 96th place out of 167 countries evaluated, with a score of 5.10 points out of 10. In 2018, the Kingdom occupied the 100th position.
The average global democracy score increased from 5.48 in 2018 to 5.44/10 in 2019, the worst score recorded since the launch of the EIU Democracy Index in 2006, the report said.
The decrease in the global average score is mainly due to the regression of the average regional scores in Latin America and in sub-Saharan Africa as well as in the Mena region. The only region to post an improvement in 2019 is North America, thanks to an improvement in the score in Canada.
Recall that the calculation of these scores is based on 60 criteria grouped into five categories: the functioning of government, political participation, political culture, freedom, and the electoral process. Scoring is done on a scale from 0 to 10. The closer the score obtained to 10, the more democracy there is in the country in question.
According to the authors of the report, four of the five main categories deteriorated in 2019. These are the electoral process, the functioning of government, political culture and freedoms.
A hybrid diet for Morocco
The Democracy Index classifies the countries studied according to four regimes, namely: a democratic regime, an imperfect regime, a hybrid regime and another authoritarian one.
Morocco is one of the 37 countries with a hybrid regime in 2019. The Kingdom obtained the following ratings: 5.25 in the electoral process, 4.64 in the functioning of the government, 5.56 in the political participation, 5.63 at the level of political culture and 4.41 at the level of freedoms.
Only 22 countries have democratic rule in the world, according to the EIU. These include, among others, those at the top of the ranking such as Norway (9.87 points), Iceland (9.58), Sweden (9.39), New Zealand (9.26), Denmark (9.22), Canada (9.22), Australia (9.09) and Switzerland (9.03).
According to the report, the United States is no longer among the countries with a democratic regime. In 2019, they occupy the 25th position and find themselves alongside South Korea (23rd), Japan (24th) and Italy (35th), among the countries with an imperfect regime.
France, which was in this same category in 2018, now occupies the 20th position, thus joining the countries with a democratic regime.
Finally, and as usual, North Korea closes the ranking with a democracy index of 1.08/10. The country therefore has an authoritarian regime.
Morocco 3rd in the MENA region
In the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region, the Kingdom is 3rd, as in 2018. According to the EIU, Israel occupies the first position, followed by Tunisia.
Algeria, 113th in the world, is in 5th position, with a hybrid diet.
Egypt, 137th in the world, ranks 11th in the Mena region. With a democracy index of 3.06/10, it is one of the countries with an authoritarian regime.