“Morocco obtains good results with regard to the respect of international standards (United Nations Convention against corruption) and controls on the links of the private sector with the army and the defense”, indicated Transparency International in its index GDI 2020 on Defense. That said, efforts must be made to fight corruption in the security sector.
In its 2020 Government Defense Integrity Index (GDI), Transparency International suggests that nearly two-thirds of the world’s countries, some 62%, are at high risk and criticism of corruption in their defense and security sectors.
The poor results obtained by certain countries such as Algeria, Egypt or Morocco, come down to the weakness or non-existence of “safeguards” against corruption in the defense sector, and are therefore more likely to face conflict, instability and human rights violations, says Transaprency in its report.
So, according to the latest index data, Sudan, which recently suffered a military coup, came at the bottom of the index with a score of 5/100 while New Zealand, a good performer, came out on top with a score of 85/100.
Fight against corruption in the defense sector: Morocco can do better
The GDI 2020 Index is based on five main risk areas to assess countries and help them prevent corruption in defense. These are policy development, finance, personnel management, military operations and arms procurement.
The GDI 2020 places Morocco in the F-critical list, with Algeria, Angola, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Egypt, Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Burma, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, South Sudan, Sudan, Venezuela.
Data collection on Morocco was thus carried out between July 2018 and September 2019. In the political section, the country received a score of 11/100, finances, 22/100, staff 8/100, operational 0/100, and purchases 9/100.
It is also stated in the index that the Kingdom did not export any weapons during the study period, but did import from the United States, France, Italy, Germany and the United Kingdom.
New Zealand in good shape
In its classification, the GDI has drawn up a table to classify countries, from A (score 100-83) to F (score 16-0), according to the degree of corruption risk in the defense environment of their country. The countries in list A therefore have a strong safeguard against corruption, B strong only, C modest, D weak, E very weak, and F critical.
According to the GDI2020 ranking, New Zealand is in band A as the country most protected against corruption in the defense sector, followed by Belgium (80/100), Germany (78/100), Latvia (75/100), Netherlands (83/100), Norway (85/100), Switzerland (83/100), Taiwan (79/100), United Kingdom (84/100), which appear in category B including the score is between 82-67.
In List C (score 66-50), figure, Australia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Brazil, Canada, Colombian, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, India, Israel, Italy, Japan, Lithuania, North Macedonia, Philippines, Poland, Singapore, South Africa, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, United States, while Russia is in list D, along with Serbia, Portugal, Armenia, Chile, Kosovo, …
The GDI’s findings should sound the alarm bells in governments around the world, especially as global military spending has grown to some $ 2,000 billion annually, fueling the scale and potential for abuse, worries Transparency International.