Gnaoua music, whose ritual and initiatory style was perpetuated by the descendants of former slaves from black Africa, was inscribed on Thursday in Bogota Intangible Heritage of UNESCO.
The port city of Essaouira, in the south of Morocco, is the sanctuary of this music, for which the Cherifian kingdom had applied for inscription on the UNESCO list.
The Essaouira festival, sometimes described as “Moroccan Woodstock”, celebrates traditional music in a relaxed atmosphere that has won over the biggest audiences.
His African descent favors crossbreeding with blues and jazz, but also flamenco, reggae or salsa.
Until the birth of the Essaouira festival, the Gnaoua brotherhood, which combines African rituals with the cult of the saints of Islam, was little known, even frowned upon in Morocco.
It is the first time that the annual meeting of the Intergovernmental Committee for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage has been held in Latin America.