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Lavrov carries “heavy” files: Sahara, security and energy

A traditional visit by Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov to Morocco, Algeria and Tunisia to discuss the horizon of bilateral relations and the crisis situation in the African Sahel region, without forgetting the issue of the Sahara, which enters a new turning point as the UN Security Council session approaches Developments in the Sahara Issue.

The top Russian diplomat will be in Rabat at the end of this week after a first visit to Algeria on Thursday, a spokesman for the Russian Foreign Ministry said. “Lavrov will discuss bilateral relations and major regional and international issues with his Maghreb counterparts during his one-week visit,” Maria Zakharova said at a press conference in Moscow.

As expected, Algeria did not invite an opportunity to meet with a prominent Russian diplomat, without mentioning the issue of the Sahara and the political situation in the region. “The situation in Libya and the recent developments in this issue will be the focus of the discussions”.

The position of the Russian Federation, a permanent member of the UN Security Council, has not changed from the Sahara issue, and states that “there are no alternatives to a political settlement of the Sahara conflict except on the basis of the decisions of the UN Security Council.” Moscow is a permanent member of the UN Security Council, where it was heavily weighed during the last session to discuss the Sahara report and expressed its support for the efforts of the Security Council and Horst Koehler, UN Secretary-General’s Personal Envoy to the Sahara.

Moscow is looking for a re-positioning in the region and the development of new rules of influence in line with the policy of decision-makers in Russia, especially after the consequences of the Russian position on the Libyan crisis at the beginning and the aftermath of the collapse of the Gaddafi regime. Pointing out that “Russia has a strategic agreement with Algeria in the same style as the 2001 agreement, and other weapons.”

Morocco has always been keen on these relations, but after the visit of King Mohammed VI and his meeting with President Putin, several agreements have been signed with the security, agricultural, tourism and energy aspects.

“We have seen the Russian position always trying to link the geopolitical interests of Russia and its parallel relations between the parties to the conflict, despite the strength of Russian-Algerian relations and arms deals, gas and oil, but the Russian side did not take positions hostile to Morocco in the context of the unity and unity of the Chinese and Russian” .

“The Russian position, while trying to monitor human rights in the Sahara under UN supervision and fact-finding committees, and finally the new implications for the duration of the mission and its funding mechanisms, has not departed from the general trend, especially after the recent EU decision and the tendency to establish relations with all North African countries in the Maghreb framework.”

“Russia is a permanent member of the Security Council and has an international standing. Algeria is trying to find a strong channel to impose its influence on Morocco, but the Russians are aware of the importance of the relationship with all North African countries, especially after Morocco’s invitation to Through the King to open the border and resolve the differences that all countries have praised.”

“The visit of the Russian minister seeks to achieve two main things; to re-locate the Russian influence in logic to serve the interests of Russia and ensure its protection, and the search for balanced mechanisms between the parties of the region and mediate to resolve their differences and make the Sahara issue does not affect the main direction of Russia in developing relations with the field Maghreb”.

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