Morocco, Africa’s champion of renewable energies, is on track to reach or exceed the goal of producing 42% of renewable energy in 2020 and 52% by 2030.
It took less than 10 years for Morocco to establish itself as an African champion of renewable energies, between the launch in 2009 by HM King Mohammed VI of the Noor solar plan, then the opening in 2014 of the largest wind farm in Africa, the Kingdom saw its share of the renewable energy mix rise to 34% in 2017.
To achieve or exceed its objective of producing 42% renewable energy (6,000 MW distributed equitably between wind, hydro and solar) in gross energy consumption in 2020, a goal raised to 52% by 2030.
By way of comparison, France, which targeted 23% of renewable energies in its electricity production in 2020, as part of the European Union’s 2020 Climate Change Package adopted in 2008, had a ceiling of only 16% in 2016, compared with 17% in the European Union (EU). By 2030, at least 32% of consumption is expected to come from renewables in the EU.
In this context, it advances the import-export of energy that extended to Morocco during the COP22 in Marrakesh, with the signature between Germany, Spain, France, Morocco and Portugal of a joint declaration to integrate the low-carbon energy markets.
This roadmap, called SET (Sustainable Electricity Trading), can “make a significant contribution to reducing the costs of renewable energy technologies worldwide by creating the conditions for the emergence of a strong dynamic of renewable energies. Investment in the field, according to Ali Zerouali, Director of Cooperation and International Business Development in Masen, the Moroccan Agency for Solar Energy.
In addition to Europe, cooperation on sustainable energy can also be articulated in southern Morocco, in sub-Saharan Africa, which recalls the signing between the African Development Bank (ADB) and Masen of a letter intention to deploy the “Desert to Power” initiative in 11 countries or areas of the Sahel-Saharan strip.
“The objective of this partnership, first of all, is to support African countries, particularly those in the Sahel region targeted by the” Desert to Power “project, to develop the most appropriate renewable energy technologies of their natural conditions and their specific energy needs”, says Ali Zerouali.
Masen’s support concerns the entire development process of solar projects, from the identification and qualification of the sites to the financial closing and the commissioning of the solar power station. The AfDB intervenes in terms of know-how sharing, capacity building and experience, technical assistance, development of projects in renewable energies and mobilization of the necessary resources (mounting of optimized financing and support financiers for the development of solar projects and the necessary investment), adds Zerouali.