Morocco ranks 134th out of 165 countries around the world, in the Human Freedom Index for the year 2021, recently published by the Canadian Fraser Institute, in partnership with the Cato Institute for American Research. Thus, in terms of personal freedom, Morocco ranks 146th in the world, while it arrives at 102nd place for the index of economic freedom.
This index presents the state of human freedom in the world on the basis of a large scale that includes personal, civil and economic freedom. Its editors consider human freedom as a “social concept which recognizes the dignity of individuals and is defined as the absence of coercive restrictions”.
In the Middle East and North Africa region, Morocco is ranked in 9th place, behind Israel (62nd place worldwide), Jordan (94th), Lebanon (108th), Tunisia (116th), Kuwait (121st), Qatar (128th), the United Arab Emirates (131st) and the Sultanate of Oman (133rd). It is thus 2nd in the Maghreb region, behind Tunisia and ahead of Mauritania (143rd), Algeria (154th) and Libya (156th).
Overall, the top ten were held by Switzerland, New Zealand, Denmark, Estonia, Ireland, Canada, Finland, Australia, Sweden and Luxembourg. The last ranks are respectively occupied by Egypt (161st), Sudan, Yemen, Venezuela and Syria (165th).
According to the two institutes, this indicator is the most comprehensive and the countries included in the study represent 98.1% of the world population. The 2021 index indicates a slight decrease in the level of global freedom. By the same measure, 83% of the world’s population lives in areas that have experienced a decline in human freedom since 2008, while only 17% of the world’s population lives in countries that have experienced an increase in freedom over the past decade.