A pioneer in solar energy and the mobilization of water resources, Morocco is improving its image and showing the way on the African continent.
Having made the trip to Glasgow to attend the COP26, the new Moroccan Prime Minister Aziz Akhannouch announced a strengthening of the climate ambitions of the kingdom.
The Moroccan model
The Moroccan authorities have set themselves the objective of reducing greenhouse gases by 45.5% by 2030 and quickly reaching 52% of sustainable electricity. To date, 37% of electric power in Morocco is generated by renewable energies.
The kingdom, which hosted the COP22 in 2016, still wants to be at the forefront of the fight against global warming. In Glasgow, Morocco announced that it was working on 50 renewable energy projects with an installed capacity of 3,950 MW – the equivalent of 3 to 4 nuclear reactors. The country, poorly endowed with oil and gas, already produces more than 4,000 megawatts of wind and solar energy, a benchmark in the field in Africa. The share of renewable energies could thus exceed 60% in 2030.
Hydrogen and energy efficiency
The Prime Minister wants to boost research in the sectors of hydrogen, energy efficiency of buildings, smart grids (electricity network optimizing thanks to digital distribution and consumption of electricity) and electric mobility, the optimization of water, energy. In addition, the capture of rainwater for consumption, irrigation and dams also remain a vital concern of the kingdom.
Morocco is a pioneer with its Noor Ouarzazate solar power plant with a capacity of 580 MW launched in 2009, one of the largest in the world. It provides electricity to more than one million households and reduces greenhouse gas emissions injected into the air by one million tonnes per year.
Morocco is now ranked best African student and fourth in the world by the International Climate Action Network and the New Climate Institute in the 2021 Climate Performance Index. A model closely scrutinized by all of sub-Saharan Africa.