The Covid-19 epidemic began in Morocco in March 2020. After a period of containment from March to June 2020, activity has gradually resumed in the country. This resumption of activity has since been accompanied by a rebound in the epidemic. The Policy Center for the New South (PCNS) conducted a survey aimed at analyzing the perception by the Moroccan population of this pandemic and of the public policies that try to curb it.
This survey is based on data drawn from 3 waves of surveys carried out by IPSOS Morocco in June, July and September 2020. It is part of the “Attitudes Towards Covid-19” research program carried out with a consortium of international academic and agency partners: SciencesPo, Harvard Business School, Bocconi University, World Bank, McGill University, Toulouse School of Economics, French Development Agency, Foundation for Political Innovation (Fondapol), Mohammed VI Polytechnic University and University of Hanover.
This program aims to compare data collected in 8 European countries, 7 African countries – including Morocco -, as well as Brazil, Canada, the United States, Australia and New Zealand.
At the onset of the pandemic, Moroccans hailed the intervention of His Majesty King Mohammed VI to mobilize the country against the pandemic. They also welcomed the Instructions given to the Royal Armed Forces (FAR) to support health authorities with health logistics, as well as the guidance given to the government to support vulnerable populations and the national economy.
The 3 survey waves carried out in this survey give indications on the period from June to September. The results of these 3 waves show that:
- At the end of the confinement (month of June), Moroccans displayed confidence in the management of the epidemic led by the medical corps (civil and military) and the sovereign institutions (Police and Gendarmerie) and in the measures implemented to deal with it.
- They also had relatively limited fears about the extent of the pandemic.
- However, they displayed concerns about the economic fallout from the pandemic and evoked moments of psychological discomfort.
- During the period that followed (June to September), doubts about the effectiveness of measures taken to deal with the pandemic and, more broadly, concerns about its economic fallout grew. This development is being found in other countries, with the resurgences of a pandemic which persists and has increasingly felt its health, economic, psychological and social effects.
- However, beyond the evolution of the pandemic itself, the population seems to maintain confidence in the medical profession (civilian and military) and the sovereign institutions.