Official data revealed that the hydrological situation in Morocco between the end of last year and the end of last October was characterized by a decrease in rainfall, which resulted in a deficit in the various water basins.
According to the data presented by Nizar Baraka, Minister of Equipment and Water, during the oral questions session in the House of Councilors, yesterday, Tuesday, the period from September 1, 2020 to October 31, 2021 recorded average rainfall, ranging on average between 110 mm in the Ziz Care Grace basin and 515 mm in the locust basin.
The government official stated that these rainfalls resulted in a deficit in the various water basins, especially the Moulouya, Tensift, Ker Ziz Gris and Souss Massa basins. It also resulted in moderate water imports; The total volume of water imports recorded by the total of the Kingdom’s major dams during the same period amounted to about 5.3 billion cubic metres, which constitutes an estimated deficit of 59 percent compared to the annual rate of imports.
Baraka pointed out that this situation negatively affected the volume of water reserves in the dams; So far, it has reached about 5.55 billion cubic meters, or 34.5 percent of the total filling rate, compared to 35.7 percent recorded on the same date last year.
The water stock currently available in the dams will enable it to secure the needs of potable water for all the major cities supplied from the dams under normal conditions, with the exception of those located in the Moulouya, Oum El Rabie and Tensift basins, which are expected to experience some difficulties in the event the hydrological situation does not improve.
The Minister of Equipment and Water stated that the relevant departments of the Ministry, the Ministry of the Interior, the Ministry of Agriculture, the water basin agencies, and the National Office of Electricity and Drinking Water began assessing the risks and determining the necessary measures to face potential difficulties.
Baraka stated that the measures taken in this regard included activating the vigilance and tracking committees headed by the governors to take the necessary and necessary decisions in order to better manage the available water resources and measures to rationalize their use, and continuous monitoring of the status of water resources according to the evolution of the hydrological situation.
In front of the current situation, the search for additional water resources, especially underground resources, as well as diversion possibilities to fill the expected shortfall, not to mention the acceleration of the development and installation of the necessary equipment and floating pumping platforms in the dams that require this to enable the full exploitation of the water reserves.