The rise in exports of Turkish products to Morocco over the past years has led to the loss of about 46 thousand jobs between 2013 and 2016, according to the State Department’s Office of Foreign Trade of the Ministry of Industry, Trade, Investment and Digital Economy.
In a statement to a parliamentary question belonging to the Justice and Development Party (PJD), in which it said that the continued rise in Turkish products in Morocco has led to the weakening of local industrial units.
According to the ministry, Turkey’s products have caused significant losses in jobs in a sensitive sector given the social consequences this could cause. Domestic production directed at the local market has dropped from 13 to 11 billion dirhams.
The market share of domestic production, according to these statistics, has fallen from 79.70 per cent in 2013 to 69.30 per cent in 2016.
According to the State Department of Foreign Trade, Morocco’s textile and clothing sector is a strategic and vital sector. It employs approximately 368,000 workers, according to the statistics of 2016, equivalent to 35 per cent of national industrial jobs and 4 per cent of Morocco’s total employment.
In recent years, the national textile industry oriented to the domestic market has experienced turbulence due to the rise of Turkish exports to Morocco by 200 per cent between 2013 and 2017.
The Moroccan authorities also monitored a decline in the average prices of textile and clothing imports of Turkish origin compared with imports from other countries, particularly from the European Union and China.
Turkish imports benefited from preferential access to the Moroccan market thanks to the free trade agreement signed between Morocco and Turkey, which entered into force in 2006.
Due to the large increase in Turkish textile imports to Morocco, Moroccan authorities have taken a decision to raise import duties on textile and clothing products of Turkish origin.
In its decision, Morocco adopted the transitional assessment measures referred to in article 17 of the Free Trade Agreement between countries in accordance with the procedures set forth in its article 22 with a view to correcting and eliminating imbalances resulting from the intensification of Turkish products in the national market.
These measures aim at reducing disturbances and losses of the textile and clothing industries aimed at the local market and maintaining jobs in this sector, which is a source of livelihood for many low-income social groups, thus protecting Moroccan products and the national economy as a whole.